Bone Marrow Injections

The Advancements of Regenerative Medicine in Orthopedics
Regenerative medicine has revolutionized the field of orthopedics by utilizing biologic treatments to alleviate symptoms and promote healing in musculoskeletal tissues. This article aims to provide an overview of regenerative medicine, its applications in orthopedics, the different types of regenerative therapies available, and the considerations for patients seeking these treatments.

Understanding Regenerative Medicine:

Regenerative medicine, also known as orthobiologics, harnesses the healing potential of biological tissues found within the human body, such as blood, fat, or bone marrow. In most cases, these biologic treatments utilize the patient’s own tissue, referred to as “autologous” regenerative medicine, making them generally safe since they are derived from the patient’s own cells.

Applications of Regenerative Medicine in Orthopedics:

Regenerative medicine in orthopedics aims to improve pain, discomfort, and healing in various musculoskeletal conditions. It is particularly beneficial for injuries involving tendons, ligaments, bones, muscles, spinal discs, menisci of the knee, cartilage, and other musculoskeletal tissues, which have limited natural healing capabilities. Regenerative therapies can also be effective in treating degenerative conditions like certain forms of arthritis, as well as sports injuries and traumas. By utilizing regenerative medicine, some patients may even be able to avoid orthopedic surgeries altogether. Common conditions treated with regenerative medicine include:

Regenerative Medicine Techniques:

Regenerative medicine therapies involve the collection and concentration of a person’s own body tissue or, in some cases, tissue donated by another person. These prepared concentrates are then injected back into the patient at the site of the injury. The concentrates contain cells that signal other cells to assist with healing, as well as proteins and molecules that alleviate inflammation and pain symptoms. The two primary types of regenerative medicine techniques are:
Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) Injections: PRP is derived from a small sample of the patient’s own blood, which is centrifuged to isolate and concentrate platelets. These platelets, along with plasma, are then injected into the injured area. The injection contains proteins that have the potential to decrease inflammation, reduce pain, and improve tissue healing. PRP has been successfully used in treating soft-tissue injuries involving ligaments, tendons, knee menisci, cartilage, and muscles.
Cell-Based Therapies: Cell-based regenerative therapies are similar to PRP injections but involve other types of human cells. These therapies include:
Bone Marrow Aspirate Concentrate (BMAC): BMAC is produced from bone marrow cells collected from the patient’s hip bones.
Adipose (Fat) Tissue Therapy: This therapy uses fat cells extracted from the patient’s abdomen or thigh.
Placental or Amniotic Tissue Treatments: Derived from cells in placental or amniotic tissue, these therapies may improve symptoms of musculoskeletal conditions by producing anti-inflammatory chemicals.
It is important to note that while these therapies have shown promising results, the current research is still limited in demonstrating their ability to regrow cartilage, tendon, or muscle directly.

Determining Suitability for Regenerative Medicine:

The suitability for regenerative medicine treatments depends on individual patients and their specific conditions. Consultation with a physician is necessary to evaluate symptoms, medical history, and current condition to determine the appropriateness of regenerative medicine procedures. The physician will recommend the most suitable approach for each patient’s case.

Recovery, Insurance, and Cost:

Recovery time after regenerative medicine treatment varies from patient to patient, but most individuals can resume normal daily activities within two to three days and exercise within a few weeks after treatment. Unfortunately, insurance companies do not typically cover regenerative medicine therapies, although other treatments performed in combination with regenerative medicine may be covered. It is essential to check with the insurance provider for specific coverage details. The cost of regenerative medicine procedures varies depending on the therapy chosen, and patients should discuss financial options with their doctors.


Regenerative medicine has opened up new possibilities in the field of orthopedics by utilizing the body’s own healing potential to treat various musculoskeletal conditions. Through techniques such as PRP injections and cell-based therapies, patients can experience pain relief, improved healing, and potentially avoid surgical interventions. However, individual evaluation and consultation with a physician are crucial in determining the suitability and best approach for regenerative medicine treatments.